Minimum order of graphs with given coloring parameters

Bacsó, Gábor and Borowiecki, Piotr and Hujter, Mihály and Tuza, Zsolt (2015) Minimum order of graphs with given coloring parameters. DISCRETE MATHEMATICS, 338 (4). pp. 621-632. ISSN 0012-365X 10.1016/j.disc.2014.12.002

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Abstract

A complete k-coloring of a graph G=(V,E) is an assignment φ:V→{1,⋯,k} of colors to the vertices such that no two vertices of the same color are adjacent, and the union of any two color classes contains at least one edge. Three extensively investigated graph invariants related to complete colorings are the minimum and maximum number of colors in a complete coloring (chromatic number χ(G) and achromatic number ψ(G), respectively), and the Grundy number Γ(G) defined as the largest k admitting a complete coloring φ with exactly k colors such that every vertex v→V of color φ(v) has a neighbor of color i for all 1≤lt(v). The inequality chain χ(G)≤Γ(G)≤(G) obviously holds for all graphs G. A triple (f,g,h) of positive integers at least 2 is called realizable if there exists a connected graph G with χ(G)=f, Γ(G)=g, and ψ(G)=h. In Chartrand et al. (2010), the list of realizable triples has been found. In this paper we determine the minimum number of vertices in a connected graph with chromatic number f, Grundy number g, and achromatic number h, for all realizable triples (f,g,h) of integers. Furthermore, for f=g=3 we describe the (two) extremal graphs for each h≥6. For h→{4,5}, there are more extremal graphs, their description is given as well.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Grundy number; Greedy algorithm; Graph coloring; Extremal graph; Bipartite graph; Achromatic number
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics and Computer Science > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science / számítástechnika, számítógéptudomány
Divisions: Laboratory of Parallel and Distributed Systems
SWORD Depositor: MTMT Injector
Depositing User: MTMT Injector
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2015 09:45
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 09:45
URI: http://eprints.sztaki.hu/id/eprint/8115

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