Urban Traffic Monitoring from LIDAR Data with a Two-Level Marked Point Process Model

Börcs, Attila and Benedek, Csaba (2013) Urban Traffic Monitoring from LIDAR Data with a Two-Level Marked Point Process Model. Technical Report. MTA SZTAKI. i4D-2

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Abstract

In this report we present a new object based hierarchical model for joint probabilistic extraction of vehicles and coherent vehicle groups - called traffic segments - in airborne and terrestrial LIDAR point clouds collected from crowded urban areas. Firstly, the 3D point set is segmented into terrain, vehicle, roof, vegetation and clutter classes. Then the points with the corresponding class labels and intensity values are projected to the ground plane. In the obtained 2D class and intensity maps we approximate the top view projections of vehicles by rectangles. Since our tasks are simultaneously the extraction of the rectangle population which describes the position, size and orientation of the vehicles and grouping the vehicles into the traffic segments, we propose a hierarchical, Two-Level Marked Point Process (L2MPP) model for the problem. The output vehicle and traffic segment configurations are extracted by an iterative stochastic optimization algorithm. We have tested the proposed method with real aerial and terrestrial LiDAR measurements. Our aerial data set contains 471 vehicles, and we provide quantitative object and pixel level comparions results versus two state-of-the-art solutions.

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords: rotating multi-beam Lidar, MPP, vehicle detection, traffic monitoring
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics and Computer Science > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science / számítástechnika, számítógéptudomány
Divisions: Distributed Events Analysis Research Laboratory
Depositing User: Csaba Benedek
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2014 16:41
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2014 16:41
URI: http://eprints.sztaki.hu/id/eprint/7769

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